What is depression?

Depression is a major depressive disorder which may be a common and high medical illness that negatively affects how you are feeling, the way you think that, and the way you act.

Depression causes feelings of sadness, once enjoyed then the loss of interest in activities. It also causes to experience low mood always, trouble in sleeping. It can cause a spread of emotional and physical problems.

It may decrease a person’s ability to function at work and reception. Fortunately, it is treatable.

Every person commonly feels sad and low, but this feeling usually passes with a short time. If a person is feeling these for more than 2 weeks, then it may be depression, Serious but treatable disorder.

Depression also called “Depressive disorder” or “Clinical depression”.

Types of depression

There are two most common forms of depression

Major depressive disorder –

This type is having symptoms of depression most of the day, or every day for at least 2 weeks. It interferes with a person’s ability to work, sleep, study, eat, and enjoy life. In this type, in a person’s lifetime, an episode can occur only once, but more often, a person has several episodes.

In this type a person experience 5 or more following symptoms over a 2 week of the period

  • Most of the day person feels depressed
  • In most regular activities a person loses interest
  • Remarkable weight loss or gain
  • Not being able to sleep or sleeping a lot
  • Slow down in thinking and movement
  • Tiredness or low energy in most of the day
  • Feeling of guilt or worthless
  • Loss of concentration in work
  • Thoughts of death and suicide

Persistent depressive disorder –

This type is having symptoms of depression that last for at least 2 years in the person. In this type, depression may have episodes of major depression with periods of less serious symptoms.

In this type a person experience following symptoms

  • In normal daily activities, a person loses interest
  • Person feels hopeless
  • Lack of productivity
  • The person feels low self-respect

What causes depression?

Scientist of NIMH (National Institute of Mental Health) researched that causes of depressions are a combination of

  • Genetic
  • Biological
  • Environmental &
  • Psychological factors

Depression also can occur along with serious illness such as cancer, heart disease, diabetes, etc. Depression may cause this condition worse. Sometimes a person who takes medication for these conditions may cause side effects that contribute to symptoms of depression.

May Depression look the same in every person?

Women have depression more often than men. Biological, lifecycle and hormonal factors that are unique to women could also be linked to their higher depression rate. The symptoms which occurred in women as of sadness, worthlessness, and guilt.

Men with depression are seen to be very tired, irritable, and sometimes angry. They’ll lose interest in work or activities they once enjoyed, have sleep problems, and behave recklessly, including the misuse of medicine or alcohol. Many men don’t recognize their depression and fail to hunt help.

Older adults with depression may have less obvious symptoms, or they’ll be less likely to admit to feelings of sadness or grief. They’re also more likely to possess medical conditions, like a heart condition, which can cause or contribute to depression.

Younger children with depression may pretend to vomit, refuse to travel to high school, hold close a parent, or worry that a parent may die.

Older children and teenagers with depression may get into trouble at college, sulk, and be irritable. Teens with depression may have symptoms of other disorders, like anxiety, eating disorders, or drug abuse.


Treatment of Depression

The first step to getting treatment starts with visiting health care providers or mental health professionals such as psychologists and psychiatrists. They will do exam, lab test, observation and interviews to check out other health conditions which may have the same symptoms as depression. Once diagnose is done then depression can be treated with medication, psychotherapy, a combination of medication and psychotherapy. If the person may not get diagnosed by this treatment then brain stimulation therapy may be another treatment option to explore.


Medication is also called Antidepressants. Medications can work well to treat depression. It will take 2 to 4 weeks to figure out. Antidepressants can have side effects, but many side effects may lessen over time. Ask your health care provider about any side effects that you simply have. Don’t stop taking your antidepressant without consulting your health care provider.



Psychotherapy helps by teaching new ways of thinking and behaving, and changing habits which will be contributing to depression. Therapy can assist you to understand and run through difficult relationships or situations which will be causing your depression or making it worse.


Brain stimulation therapy

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and other brain stimulation therapies could also be an option for people with severe depression who don’t answer antidepressant medications.  ECT therapy is the best-studied brain stimulation therapy. It has the longest history of use.

There are also other ways in the treatment of depression as mentioned below

  • Exercise
  • Avoiding alcohol & drugs
  • Learning how to say No
  • Taking care of yourself
  • Talking with friends, family, and loved one about how you are feeling and state through which you are going or suffering.

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