Introduction – People are protesting in great numbers over the bill named Citizen Amendment Bill across the country. They are the reason for their protesting that need to look over it by the Government. In many areas, the situation has become more worsen as people are dissent over the Bill amendment. As per this amendment law, the illegal foreign migrants of specific religious communities coming from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan are now eligible for Indian citizenship. Now we look over the detailing of the citizen amendment Bill. 

 Citizen Amendment Bill
Citizen Amendment Bill

What is Citizen Amendment Bill? – Citizen Amendment Bill is also abbreviated as CAB. The citizen amendment bill is a 64 years old bill. Now, this old bill of the citizen has been amended unanimously in the parliament. According to the bill, it denies the right of individuals who have migrated or entered the country via illegal ways. In other words, The Bill amends the Citizenship Act, 1955. As per this Act, it makes the illegal foreign migrants of specific religious communities coming from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan eligible for Indian citizenship. 

How is citizenship acquired in India? – The Citizenship Act, 1955 regulate the citizenship law. As per this law, citizenship may be acquired in India through five methods – by birth in India, registration, descent, naturalization, and by the inclusion of the territory into India.

Who will be benefited? – The CAB grants citizenship to the Hindus, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, and Parsis from Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Bangladesh who had arrived in India before 31 December 2014. It is merely an advantageous situation for people who belong to those religions, coming in from the 3 countries stand a chance to become Indian. The situation applies if they don’t have requisite documents too. Besides, they will not be deported even if they do not require documents. Along with the requirement for them to stay in India for at least 11 years has been reduced to five years before applying for Indian citizenship.

Why are they protesting? – Across the country, people are protesting against the CAB. In India, there are two sorts of protests we are experiencing against the bill. In the northeast part of India, people are protesting against the ACT owing to implementation in their region. Many are going through the fear that the new law will cause a rush of immigrants that may alter their linguistic & demographic uniqueness. But in the rest part of India like Delhi, Kerala, etc. people are protesting against the exclusion of Muslims reiterating and asserting over that it is against the constitution of law.

Who is excluded from the bill? – The CAB act does not apply to tribal areas owing to the 6th schedule of the constitution. The tribal areas incorporate Tripura, Mizoram, Assam, and Meghalaya. The areas that fall under the Inner limit notified under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873, will also be outside the Act’s purview — owing to it keeping the areas out of the ambit of the Act that are Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, and Nagaland.